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Mauritius



Capital: Port Louis

Time Zone: +4 hours.
Tel. Country Code: 230
USADirect Tel.: 1
Electrical Standards: Electrical current is 220/50 (volts/hz). United Kingdom Style Adaptor Plug and European Style Adaptor Plug. Grounding Adaptor Plugs C, D.

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Resource Links

NaTHNaC
World Health Organization
CDC
Travel Health Services
Country Insights
Travel Warnings
Consular Information
Foreign Commonweatlh Office

Embassies

• U.S. Embassy
Rogers House on John F. Kennedy Street
Port Louis
Tel: [230] 208-2347 or 202-4400
Fax: [230] 208-9534
E-mail: usembass@intnet.mu
Website: www.usembassymauritius.com

• Canadian Consulate
18 Jules Koenig Street
Port Louis
Tel: [230] 212-5500
Fax: [230] 208-3391
E-mail: canada@intnet.mu

• British High Commission
Les Cascades Building
Edith Cavell Street
Port Louis
Tel: [230] 202 9400
FaX: [230] 202 9407 Consular/Visa
Email: bhc@intnet.mu
Website: www.britishhighcommission.gov.uk/mauritius

Entry Requirements

HIV Test: Required for foreigners seeking work or permanent residence.

Required Vaccinations: Required for travelers coming from infected areas.

Passport Information

Passport/Visa: The Republic of Mauritius is a small island nation of four inhabited and several other islands located in the southwestern Indian Ocean. Mauritius has a stable government and a diverse economy. Facilities for tourism are well developed. In order of frequency, Creole, French, and English are spoken; English and French are common in the main towns and tourist areas but may not be understood in outlying villages. The capital city is Port Louis. 

ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS: A valid passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds are required. Immigration authorities require the validity of the entrant•s passport to be greater than six months upon both arrival and departure. Travelers must also provide a local address where they will be staying in Mauritius. Visas are issued at the point of entry. A tourist entry fee and the airport departure tax are included in the price of a plane ticket. Travelers coming from yellow fever-infected areas may be asked to present a yellow fever vaccination certificate. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of Mauritius, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20008; telephone (202) 244-1491/2, or the Honorary Consulate in Los Angeles, telephone (310) 557-2009. Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Mauritian embassy or consulate. Visit the website of the Embassy of Mauritius for the most current visa information at http://www.maurinet.com/embasydc.html

Vaccinations: Recommended and Routine

Hepatitis A: Recommended for all travelers >1 year of age not previously immunized against hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B: Recommended for all non-immune travelers at potential risk for acquiring this infection. Hepatitis B is transmitted via infected blood or bodily fluids. Travelers may be exposed by needle sharing and unprotected sex; from acupuncture, tattooing or body piercing; when receiving non-sterile medical or dental injections, or unscreened blood transfusions; by direct contact with open skin sores on an infected person. Recommended for long-term travelers, expatriates, and any traveler requesting protection against hepatitis B infection.

Influenza: Vaccination recommended for all travelers >6 months of age who have not received a flu shot in the previous 12 months.

Routine Immunizations: Immunizations against tetanus-diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella (MMR vaccine) and varicella (chickenpox) should be updated, if necessary, before departure. MMR protection is especially important for any female of childbearing age who may become pregnant.
• In addition to tetanus, all travelers, including adults, should be fully immunized against diphtheria. A booster dose of a diphtheria-containing vaccine (Td or Tdap vaccine) should be given to those who have not received a dose within the previous 10 years.
Note: ADACEL and Boostrix are new tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap) vaccines that not only boost immunity against diphtheria and tetanus, but have the advantage of also protecting against pertussis (whooping cough), a serious disease in adults as well as children. The Tdap vaccines can be administered in place of the Td vaccine when a booster is indicated.

Typhoid: Recommended for all travelers with the exception of short-term visitors who restrict their meals to hotels or resorts.

Yellow Fever: Yellow fever vaccination is required for all travelers >1 year of age arriving from any infected country in the yellow fever endemic zones in Africa or the Americas, but is not recommended or required otherwise.

Hospitals / Doctors

Public medical facilities are numerous and of a high standard and there are several private clinics. All treatment at state-run hospitals is free for Mauritians, but foreign visitors have to pay.
• All travelers should be up-to-date on their immunizations and are advised to carry a medical kit as well as antibiotics to treat travelers diarrhea or other infections. Travelers who are taking regular medications should carry them properly labeled and in sufficient quantity to last for the duration of their trip; they should not expect to obtain prescription or over-the-counter drugs in local stores or pharmacies in this country - the equivalent drugs may not be available; or be of unreliable quality.
• Travelers are advised to obtain comprehensive travel insurance with specific overseas coverage, including air ambulance transport. In the event of a serious illness or injury that can't be treated locally, you should arrange medical evacuation to South Africa.

Medical facilities are more limited than in the United States or Europe. Emergency assistance is also limited. While public hospitals and clinics provide free care, many visitors may choose to be treated by private doctors and hospitals. Service Aide Medicale Urgence (SAMU) is a government organization that provides ambulance and emergency assistance in response to calls to 114. MegaCare is a private organization that provides assistance to subscribers only.

• Service Aide Medicale Urgence (SAMU)
Volcy Pougnet Street
Port Louis
Tel: 114

• MegaCare
99 Draper Avenue
Quatre Bornes
Tel: [230] 212-6270 or 42116

• Doctor R.A.G. Jeetoo Hospital
Volcy Street
Port Louis
Tel: [230] 212-3201/212-8958

• City Clinic
Sir Edgar Laurent Street
Port Louis
Tel: [230] 220-486

• Mahebourg Hospital
Tel: [230] 631-9556/9692

Hospital & clinic Directory: http://www.travelmauritius.info/hospitals_private_clinics.html

There is only one decompression chamber in Mauritius which is located at the Victoria Hospital in Vacoas.
Victoria hospital is one of the major hospitals in Mauritius. The range of specialities at the hospital is diverse and the specialities include cardiology, medicine, surgery, orthopaedics, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, and dermatology.

Destination Health Info for Travelers

AIDS/HIV: HIV prevalence appears to be low, even in the high-risk urban population. HIV prevalence in the 15-49 age group is estimated at 0.6%.
• Transmission of HIV can be prevented by avoiding: sexual contact with a high-risk partner; injecting drug use with shared needles; non-sterile medical injections; unscreened blood transfusions.
• The threat of HIV/AIDS should not be a primary concern for the traveler. However, there may be a concern for a subset of travelers who may be exposed to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, through contact with the body fluids of another person or their blood. Although travel has contributed in a general way to the global spread of AIDS, fear of traveling because of this disease is not warranted.

Accidents & Medical Insurance: Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travelers under the age of 55 and are most often caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; drownings, aircraft crashes, homicides, and burns are lesser causes.
• Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travelers.
• Infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travelers, but, overall, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.
• MEDICAL INSURANCE: Travelers are advised to obtain, prior to departure, supplemental travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should provide for direct payment to the overseas hospital and/or physician at the time of service and include a medical evacuation benefit. The policy should also provide 24-hour hotline access to a multilingual assistance center that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care and determine if medevac or air ambulance services are required.

Animal/Marine Hazards: Animal hazards include snakes (cobras, vipers), spiders (black and brown widow), crocodiles, and leeches. Ciguatera poisoning is prevalent and can result from eating coral reef fish such as grouper, snapper, sea bass, jack, and barracuda. The ciguatoxin is not destroyed by cooking. Stingrays, jellyfish, and several species of poisonous fish are common in coastal waters and are potential hazards to unprotected swimmers.
• Stonefish stings are uncommon but can in some cases be fatal. You should obtain urgent medical attention if stung. Many hotels stock anti-venom serum.

Chikungunya Fever: A large outbreak of chikungunya fever continues to affect the island countries in the southwest Indian Ocean (Réunion, Mayotte, Mauritius, and Seychelles). An outbreak of Chikungunya fever was reported from Mauritius in April 2005 and again in January 2006. This disease is currently active. Cases have been reported in returned travelers to France and other European countries. Chikungunya fever is a mosquito-transmitted viral illness that occurs in much of sub-Saharan Africa and is currently epidemic in parts of India and the Indian Ocean. Symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, rash, and joint pain. Acute Chikungunya fever typically lasts a few days to several weeks, but as with dengue fever, West Nile virus, and other arboviral infections, some patients have prolonged fatigue lasting several weeks. No deaths related to chikungunya infection have been conclusively documented in the scientific literature.
• Chikungunya fever is transmitted by daytime-biting Aedes mosquitoes. Mosquito-bite prevention measures include applying a DEET-containing repellent to exposed skin and applying permethrin spray or solution to clothing and gear. Sleeping under a permethrin-treated bednet will help prevent nighttime bites that transmit malaria. DEET-based repellents remain the gold standard of protection under circumstances in which it is crucial to be protected against insect bites that may transmit disease. Nearly 100% protection can be achieved when DEET repellents are used in combination with permethrin-treated clothing.
• Further information on Chikungunya can be found on the CDC website at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/Chikungunya/index.htm

Dengue Fever: Dengue fever re-emerged in Mauritius in June 2009 as a mild fever localised in the capital city Port Louis (population of 144,000 and size of 45.6 km2) on the north-west coast of the island, with A. albopictus as the probable vector. The localised nature of the dengue virus outbreak in Mauritius in June 2009 suggests an isolated event limited by falling temperatures, by the fact that only one secondary vector (A. albopictus) for DENV was present, and by the fact that infected mosquitoes outside of the outbreak area did not generate additional cases (Eurosurveillance, Volume 14, Issue 34, 27 August 2009).

Dengue fever occurs in urban and rural areas. Dengue fever is a mosquito-transmitted, flu-like viral illness occurring in many parts of Africa. Symptoms consist of sudden onset of fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. A syndrome of hemorrhagic shock can occur in severe cases.
• Dengue is transmitted via the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito.(Except in this outbreak, where Aedes albopictus appears to have been the vector.) Aedes mosquitoes feed predominantly during daylight hours. All travelers are at risk and should take measures to prevent daytime mosquito bites. Insect-bite prevention measures include applying a DEET-containing repellent to exposed skin and applying permethrin spray or solution to clothing and gear.
• There is no vaccination or medication to prevent or treat dengue.

A dengue fever map is at: http://www.nathnac.org/ds/c_pages/documents/dengue_map.pdf

Filariasis: Lymphatic filariasis is present throughout this country. Travelers should take measures to prevent insect (mosquito) bites.

Hepatitis: All travelers not previously immunized against hepatitis A should be vaccinated against this disease. Travelers who are non-immune to hepatitis A (i.e. have never had the disease and have not been vaccinated) should take particular care to avoid potentially contaminated food and water. Travelers who will have access to safe food and water are at lower risk. Those at higher risk include travelers visiting friends and relatives, long-term travelers, and those visiting areas of poor sanitation.
• Hepatitis E may be endemic but levels are unclear. Sporadic cases and outbreaks occur. Transmission of the hepatitis E virus (HEV) occurs primarily through drinking water contaminated by sewage and also through raw or uncooked shellfish. In developing countries, prevention of hepatitis E relies primarily on the provision of clean water supplies and overall improved sanitation and hygiene. There is no vaccine.
• Hepatitis B is hyperendemic. The overall hepatitis B (HBsAg) carrier rate in the general population is estimated at >10%. Hepatitis B is transmitted via infected blood or bodily fluids. Travelers may be exposed by needle sharing and unprotected sex; from non-sterile medical or dental injections, and acupuncture; from unscreened blood transfusions; by direct contact with open skin lesions of an infected person. The average traveler is at low risk for acquiring this infection. Vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended for: persons having casual/unprotected sex with new partners; sexual tourists; injecting drug users; long-term visitors; expatriates, and anybody wanting increased protection against the hepatitis B virus.
• Hepatitis C is endemic at a high level with a prevalence of 8.3% in the general population. Most hepatitis C virus (HCV) is spread either through intravenous drug use or, in lesser-developed countries, through blood contamination during medical procedures. Over 200 million people around the world are infected with hepatitis C - an overall incidence of around 3.3% of the population of the world. Statistically, as many people are infected with HCV as are with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Influenza: Influenza is transmitted year-round in the tropics. The flu vaccine is recommended for all travelers over age 6 months.

Leishmaniasis: Both cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis are reported. The parasites that cause leishmaniasis are transmitted by the bite of the female phlebotomine sandfly. Sandflies bite mostly in the evening and at night. They breed in ubiquitous places: in organically rich, moist soils (such as found in the floors of rain forests), animal burrows, termite hills, and the cracks and crevices in stone or mud walls, and earthen floors, of human dwellings.
• All travelers should take measures to prevent sandfly bites. Insect-bite prevention measures include applying a DEET-containing repellent to exposed skin, permethrin (spray or solution) to clothing and gear, and sleeping under a permethrin-treated bednet.

Malaria: The risk to tourists is minimal. There may be a small risk of vivax malaria in rural areas of Mauritius Island itself, although no cases have been reported since 1998. There is no risk in Port Louis or in coastal resorts and their immediate surroundings or on Rodriguez Island to the east
• Chloroquine prophylaxis is recommended in risk areas.

A malaria map is located on the Fit for Travel website, which is compiled and maintained by experts from the Travel Health division at Health Protection Scotland (HPS). Go to www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk and select Malaria Map from the Mauritius page on the Destinations menu or A-Z Index.

• Malaria is transmitted via the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Anopheles mosquitoes feed predominantly during the hours from dusk to dawn. All travelers should take measures to prevent evening and nighttime mosquito bites. Insect-bite prevention measures include applying a DEET-containing repellent to exposed skin, applying permethrin spray or solution to clothing and gear, and sleeping under a permethrin-treated bednet. DEET-based repellents remain the gold standard of protection under circumstances in which it is crucial to be protected against mosquito bites that may transmit disease. Nearly 100% protection can be achieved when DEET repellents are used in combination with permethrin-treated clothing.
• You should consider the diagnosis of malaria if you develop an unexplained fever during or after being in this country.le sleeping.

Other Diseases/Hazards: Echinococcosis, leprosy (highly endemic), tick-borne typhus, tuberculosis (highly endemic), and soil-transmitted helminthic disease (ascariasis, hookworm disease, strongyloidiasis) are reported.

Rabies: Rabies is not deemed a current risk in this country, but free-roaming and sometimes vicious dogs may be encountered. Any animal bite should be thoroughly cleansed with soap and water and promptly evaluated by a physician for possible post-exposure treatment.

Schistosomiasis: Schistosoma haematobium (urinary schistosomiasis) is present in this country. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic flatworm infection of the intestinal or urinary system caused by one of several species of Schistosoma. Schistosomiasis is transmitted through exposure to contaminated water while wading, swimming, and bathing. Schistosoma larvae, released from infected freshwater snails, penetrate intact skin to establish infection. All travelers should avoid swimming, wading, or bathing in freshwater lakes, ponds, or streams. There is no risk in chlorinated swimming pools or in seawater.

Travelers' Diarrhea: Moderate risk. Outside of hotels and resorts, we recommend that you boil, filter or purify all drinking water or drink only bottled water or other bottled beverages and do not use ice cubes. Avoid unpasteurized dairy products. Do not eat raw or undercooked food, especially meat and fish. Peel all fruits.
• Good hand hygiene reduces the incidence of travelers’ diarrhea by 30%.
• A quinolone antibiotic, or azithromycin, combined with loperamide (Imodium), is recommended for the treatment of diarrhea. Diarrhea not responding to antibiotic treatment may be due to a parasitic disease such as giardiasis, amebiasis, or cryptosporidiosis.
• Seek qualified medical care if you have bloody diarrhea and fever, severe abdominal pain, uncontrolled vomiting, or dehydration.

Tuberculosis (TB): Tuberculosis is highly endemic in Mauritius with an annual occurrence was greater than or equal to 40 cases per 100,000 population. Tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted following inhalation of infectious respiratory droplets. Most travelers are at low risk. Travelers at higher risk include those who are visiting friends and relatives (particularly young children), long-term travelers, and those who have close contact, prolonged contact with the local population. There is no prophylactic drug to prevent TB. Travelers with significant exposure should have PPD skin testing done to evaluate their risk of infection.

Typhoid Fever: Typhoid vaccine is recommended by the CDC for all people traveling to or working in Africa and Asia, especially if visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas and staying with friends or relatives where exposure might occur through food or water. Current vaccines against Salmonella typhi are only 50-80% protective and do not protect against Salmonella paratyphi, the cause of paratyphoid fever. (Paratyphoid fever bears similarities with typhoid fever, but the course is generally more benign.) Travelers should continue to practice strict food, water and personal hygiene precautions, even if vaccinated.