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Cyprus



Capital: Nicosia

Time Zone: +2 local time (GMT +3 from the last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October).
Tel. Country Code: 357
USADirect Tel.: 80
Electrical Standards: Electrical current is 220/50 (volts/hz). United Kingdom Style Adaptor Plug. Grounding Adaptor Plug C.


Travel Advisory - Cyprus

Europe, Russia and former the Soviet Union countries vary widely in travel risks and adequacy of health care delivery. Water- and food-borne illnesses such as travelers' diarrhea, typhoid and Giardia are threats outside of Western Europe. Insect-transmitted diseases, such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis are common in wooded, rural areas in most countries, including Western Europe.

Dr. Rose Recommends for Travel to Cyprus


Resource Links

NaTHNaC
World Health Organization
CDC
Travel Health Services
Country Insights
Travel Warnings
Consular Information
Foreign Commonweatlh Office

Embassies

The U.S. Embassy is located at Metochiou and Ploutarchou Streets, Engomi, Nicosia
Tel: [357] (22) 393-939
American Citizens Services section fax:i [357] (22) 393344
E-mail: consularnicosia@state.gov
Web site: http://nicosia.usembassy.gov/

• Consulate of Canada
1 Lambousa Street 1095 Nicosia
Tel: [357] (2) 2775-508
Emergency toll-free to Ottawa: 8009-6082
E-Mail: info@consulcanada.com.cy

• British High Commission
Alexander Pallis Street
(PO Box 21978) Nicosia
Tel: [357] (22) 861200
Email: brithc.2@cytanet.com.cy
Website: http://www.britishhighcommission.gov.uk/cyprus

Entry Requirements

HIV Test: Foreign entertainers may be required to have test. Contact the Cyprus Embassy in Washington (202-462-5772) for further details.

Required Vaccinations: None required.

Passport Information

The U.S. Interests Section operates under the legal protection of the Swiss government but is not co-located with the Swiss Embassy. Since 1974, Cyprus, a developed Mediterranean island nation, has been divided de facto into a government-controlled area comprising the southern two-thirds of the island, and a northern third, (the self-declared “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"), administered by Turkish Cypriots. The United States does not recognize the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” nor does any country other than Turkey. Facilities for tourism in Cyprus are highly developed. Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: A passport is required for travel to Cyprus. A visa is not required for a stay of up to 90 days. For longer stays, a visa or residence permit is required. U.S. citizens should be mindful that the Government of Cyprus does not recognize the residence permits issued by Turkish Cypriot authorities for the portions of the island under Turkish Cypriot administration. The Government of Cyprus requires all citizens of non-EU countries (including Americans) who may enter without a visa and who live outside the government-controlled area to obtain a residence permit from the Republic of Cyprus Migration Department if they remain on the island for more than 90 days.

For further information on entry requirements for Cyprus, travelers can contact the Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus at 2211 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008-4082, Tel: (202) 462-5772, or the Cypriot Consulate in New York at 13 East 40th St., 5th Floor, New York, NY 10016, Tel: (212) 686-6016/17.

Visit the Embassy of Cyprus’ web site at http://www.cyprusembassy.net for the most current visa information

Vaccinations: Recommended and Routine

Hepatitis A: Recommended for all travelers >1 year of age not previously immunized against hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B: Recommended for all non-immune travelers who might be exposed to blood or body fluids from unsafe/unprotected sexual contact; from injecting drug use with shared/re-used needles and syringes; from medical treatment with non-sterile (re-used) needles and syringes. Recommended for any traveler requesting protection against hepatitis B infection.

Influenza: Vaccination recommended for all travelers >6 months of age who have not received a flu shot in the previous 12 months.

Routine Immunizations: Immunizations against tetanus-diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella (MMR vaccine) and varicella (chickenpox) should be updated, if necessary, before departure. MMR protection is especially important for any female of childbearing age who may become pregnant.
• The new Tdap vaccine, ADACEL, which also boosts immunity against pertussis (whooping cough) should be considered when a tetanus-diphtheria booster is indicated.

Typhoid: Recommended for all travelers with the exception of short-term visitors who restrict their meals to major restaurants and hotels, such as business travelers and cruise passengers.

Hospitals / Doctors

Medical care is available at both government hospitals and private clinics. Emergency rooms offer adequate care to stabilize patients, most of whom are then transferred to private hospitals. Many of the private-sector doctors have been trained in the United Kingdom or the United States.
All travelers should be up-to-date on their immunizations and are advised to carry a medical kit as well as antibiotics to treat travelers’ diarrhea or other infections. Travelers who are taking regular medications should carry them properly labelled and in sufficient quantity to last for the duration of their trip; they should not expect to obtain prescription or over-the-counter drugs in local stores or pharmacies in this country.
• Travelers are advised to obtain travel insurance that provides for medical evacuation to more advanced medical facility in another country in the event of serious illness or injury.

Medical facilities include:
• Nicosia General Hospital
Nechrou Avenue
Nicosia
Tel: 22-801400
24-hour emergency room; ICU; 24-hour emergency room; neurosurgery.

• Limassol General Hospital
Nikeas Street
Pano Polemidia, Limassol
Tel: 25-801100

• Larnaca General Hospital
United States of America Avenue
Larnaca
Tel: 24-800500)

• Paphos General Hospital
Anavargos Street
Paphos
Tel: 26-803100

A listing of physicians is posted on the US Embassy website at:
http://nicosia.usembassy.gov/USCitizen/medicalPractioners.htm

Destination Health Info for Travelers

Accidents & Medical Insurance: Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travelers under the age of 55 and are most often caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; drownings, aircraft crashes, homicides, and burns are lesser causes.
• Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travelers.
• Infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travelers, but, overall, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.
• Travelers are advised to obtain, prior to departure, supplemental travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should provide for direct payment to the overseas hospital and/or physician at the time of service and include a medical evacuation benefit. The policy should also provide 24-hour hotline access to a multilingual assistance center that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care and determine if medevac or air ambulance services are required.

Avian Influenza A (Bird Flu): In January 2006, the Cypriot authorities confirmed that samples taken from domestic poultry found on a farm close to the village of Makrasyka (Turkish name Incirli) in north Cyprus had tested positive for avian influenza. There have been no further cases reported and no human infections.
• H5N1 avian influenza is predominantly a disease of birds. The virus does not pass easily from birds to people and does not to pass from person to person (except in very rare cases of close contact with an infected blood relative).

• The risk to humans from avian influenza is believed to be very low and no travel restrictions are advised, except travelers should avoid visiting animal markets, poultry farms and other places where they may come into close contact with live or dead poultry, or domestic, caged or wild birds and their excretions. In addition, travelers are advised to:

1. Cook poultry and egg dishes thoroughly. (Well-cooked poultry is safe to eat.)

2. Wash hands frequently with soap and water if around poultry.

• The World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend travel restrictions to countries experiencing outbreaks of H5N1 avian influenza in birds, including those countries which have reported associated cases of human infection.

The usual vaccines against influenza are not protective against “bird flu.”

Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is somewhat effective in the treatment of H5N1 avian influenza. It seems to be effective in some cases, but may fail in others. Recently, resistant strains have been reported. In addition, the dosage and duration of treatment appear to be different in severe H5N1 cases.

Boutonneuse Fever: Boutonneuse fever (Mediterranean spotted fever) is a tick-borne rickettsial disease caused by Rickettsia conorii (endemic in the Mediterranean basin). The major clinical features are fever, rash, and a tache noire (necrotic black ulcer or scab) at the site of the tick bite. Doxycycline or a quinolone are effective treatments.

Hepatitis: Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for all travelers not previously immunized. The hepatitis B carrier rate in the general population is estimated at 1%. Vaccination against hepatitis B should be considered for stays over 3 months and by short-term travelers desiring maximum protection. Travelers should be aware that hepatitis B can be transmitted by unsafe sex and the use of contaminated needles and syringes.



Influenza: Influenza is transmitted from November through March. Flu vaccine is recommended for travelers over age 6 moth.

Leishmaniasis: There have been a few reports of visceral leishmaniasis in tourists, but the risk is deemed to be extremely low.

Malaria: There is no malaria on Cyprus.

Other Diseases/Outbreaks: Brucellosis is reported and may be transmitted to humans through consumption of unpasteurized dairy products or by contact with infected sheep, goats, or other farm animals.
• Tick-borne relapsing fever has been reported, but the risk is low.

Rabies: Cypress is considered rabies-free. All unprovoked bite wounds, however, especially from a dog, should be thoroughly cleansed and then medically evaluated for possible post-exposure treatment.

Travelers' Diarrhea: Low to moderate risk. In urban and resort areas, the hotels and restaurants generally serve reliable food and potable water. Major cities have piped, potable water. Outside of hotels and resorts, we recommend that you filter or purify all drinking water or drink only bottled water or other bottled beverages and do not use ice cubes. Avoid unpasteurized dairy products. Do not eat raw or undercooked food, especially meat, fish, raw vegetables. Peel all fruits.
• Good hand hygiene reduces the incidence of travelers’ diarrhea by 30%.
• A quinolone antibiotic, or azithromycin, combined with loperamide (Imodium), is recommended for the treatment of diarrhea. Diarrhea not responding to antibiotic treatment may be due to a parasitic disease such as giardiasis, amebiasis, or cryptosporidiosis.
• Seek qualified medical care if you have bloody diarrhea and fever, severe abdominal pain, uncontrolled vomiting, or dehydration.

Typhoid Fever: Except for short-term visitors, typhoid vaccine is recommended for all people traveling to or working in the Mediterranean region and Middle East, especially if visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas and staying with friends or relatives where exposure might occur through food or water.